Carpet

There are a number of reasons why carpet is a great choice for many of the rooms in your home.

  • Carpet offers a variety of colors, patterns and styles to satisfy any personal style and match any decor.
  • Carpet’s cushioned surface absorbs sound and is less noisy to walk on than hard surface flooring.
  • When considering affordability, carpet is one of the most economical flooring products to have installed.
  • The insulating properties of carpet provide additional warmth underfoot during cold seasons.
  • Carpet is a non-slip surface that is safe underfoot and provides a cushion to prevent breakage when delicate items are accidentally dropped.
  • Most synthetic carpets are treated with static, stain and soil resistant treatments, making them easy to clean and maintain.

Installation Considerations:

To pick the right fiber, consider how you live in each room. There are basically five types of fiber:

Nylon
Nylon is the most durable and stain resistant carpet fiber available, when treated with stain protection. It is the fiber of choice for homes with pets and children and for those who entertain a lot. Perfect for heavy traffic in hallways and stairs.

Polyester
Polyester is known for its luxurious look, feel and wonderful selection of colors and styles. It’s a good value for homes with a normal amount of traffic.

Olefin
Olefin offers good stain and moisture resistance, but scores below nylon and polyester for wearability It is best suited for loop pile construction or high, very dense cut piles.

Triexta
Sold under the brand name SmartStrand, Triexta represents a revolutionary improvement in polyester carpet fibers, earning a subclass of its own from the Federal Trade Commision due to its superior stain resistance, softness, environmental benefits, durability, warranties, and customer satisfaction.

Wool
Favored for its natural beauty. Wool carpet has natural soil resistance qualities, but is not inherently stain resistant. Wool looks good for a long time and is well constructed.

Cut
Cut carpet consists of yarns that are cut at the ends. The soft feel of cut carpet makes it a perfect choice for the most comfortable areas of your home – bedrooms, living rooms and family rooms.

There are five basic styles of cut pile carpet: Velvet, Saxony, Frieze, Shag, and Cable, each provide a different look and texture. The primary difference among these styles is the amount of twist in the yarns that will ultimately influence the carpet’s durability.

Loop
Loop carpet has yarns that are looped and uncut on the carpet surface. The pile height can vary from low, tightly constructed to a more luxurious high-level pile.

Loop carpet has, strength and soil hiding capabilities. This style is ideal for heavy traffic areas. Berber is the most popular style of loop carpet that can be constructed as a level-loop or multi-loop carpet.

Cut-loop
As the name suggests, this carpet has a combination of high cut tufts and lower loops in a variety of sculptured patterns.

Cut-loop carpets offer good performance but are slightly less durable than loop carpets.

Patterned
Pattern adds detail to a room, whether it’s floral, geometric, or Baroque-inspired and create character and complexity in a room. It can also work in your favor to hide spills, spots and wear and tear. You’ll want to be certain that contrasting patterned carpets in your home work well together and that your carpet fits the overall decor.

Over 90% of residential carpet is manufactured as tufted carpet. A tufting machine works like an oversized sewing machine with hundreds of needles that insert loops of fiber (tufts or stitches) into the carpet’s backing to form the face pile of the carpet.

How long your carpet will last depends on how well it is made. Quality construction will affect the durability, appearance and price of the carpet and is most influenced by the twist of the fibers and the density of the tufts.

Twist
Twist refers to how tightly the fiber (carpet yarn) has been twisted. This is especially important in cut pile carpet because the tips are exposed and can become untwisted, giving the carpet a matted and worn appearance. The tighter the yarn is twisted, the better the carpet will stand up to crushing and matting.

Frieze carpet has the highest twist level at about 7-9 twists per inch (TPI), whereas most cut pile carpet styles have between 3-6 twists per inch.

Density
Density refers to both the amount, and how tightly packed together the fibers are within the carpet. The closer together the fibers are placed, the denser the carpet will be, and the better it will wear and perform.

Ways to check for carpet density include trying to reach the carpet backing by pressing your fingers on the carpet fibers. The more difficult it is to reach the backing, the denser the carpet.

Or with outward facing tufts, bend the carpet into a U-shape and look at how much of the carpet backing is visible. The less backing that shows, the denser the carpet.

Again, consider how you live in each room. If you have kids, pets, and high traffic areas or entertain a lot, you will want to choose a carpet with stain resistance. The desire to protect your home with quality stain resistance won’t limit your choice of carpet styles and colors.

The primary factor in determining stain resistance is carpet fiber type: nylon, polyester, olefin or wool. Beyond fiber type, most manufacturers apply post-production stain protection treatments to enhance the natural stain resistant properties of any fiber. Ask your Classique Floors Sales Professional for assistance in making a flooring choice to suit your lifestyle. And, be sure to reference our Five Star Selection System to help guide you to the right level of warranty protection.

Stain Removal Guide

Think of your floor as the fifth wall that connects all other design elements in the room. Consider the walls, window treatments and other furnishings when choosing a color scheme. Bring fabric and color samples when you visit our store, where our flooring experts will assist you.

There are a few things that may happen to your carpet after it is installed. They are nothing to be concerned about and can be easily cured.

Shedding
Most carpets retain some loose fibers after they leave the mill or store. These fibers often appear as balls of fluff on the surface of your carpet or in your vacuum cleaner. With time, they will work their way out of the carpet and no longer be a nuisance. Shedding primarily occurs with cut pile carpets.

Sprouting
Occasionally, loose tufts will appear above the carpet surface. To remove the loose tufts, clip them to be even with the carpet’s surface. DO NOT PULL OUT LOOSE ENDS! If you do, you will permanently damage the carpet.

Shading
You may notice some variations in the color of your carpet – one area may seem to change color when you look at it from different directions. This is because light reflects differently as the pile is pushed in a variety of directions. Foot traffic generally causes this to happen and the best solution is to sweep or vacuum the pile in a uniform direction. Shading is impossible to eliminate in some cut pile styles, and is part of the character of velvets and saxonies.

Rippling
During times of high humidity, your carpet might experience some slight rippling. This situation usually resolves itself as the carpet settles. If not, call your flooring retailer.

The New Carpet Smell
Like cars, some carpets have a “new carpet smell.” It is nothing to be concerned about and usually goes away within a week. To minimize the smell, ventilate the area as much as possible and use fans to keep the air circulating during installation and for up to 72 hours afterwards. Take advantage of heating or air conditioning fans, if you have them and vacuum your carpet often to help remove the odor.

Static Electricity
When your home’s relative humidity is low, a static charge can build up in your carpet as you walk across it. If you touch something made of metal, you get zapped. There are commercially available products you can apply to your carpet to reduce or eliminate static electric build-up. Your carpet will hold less of a charge as time goes by. Most nylon fibers are pre-treated to reduce static electric build-up.

Crushing
Your carpet will display crushing in spots where heavy objects have been placed. To raise the pile back to its former height, you may have to do some vigorous brushing. You can also try passing a hot steam iron over the indentations, but bring the iron no closer than 6 inches above the carpet. Be sure to contact your sales professional or manufacturer of your carpet to avoid nullifying your warranty.

Here are a few tips to make your relationship with your carpet a long and happy one.

Vacuuming
Vacuuming is key to keeping your new carpet looking new. Dirt and grit embedded in the pile will affect your carpet’s color and cause matting, so vacuum heavy-traffic areas every day and lower-traffic areas once a week.

For best results, use a high suction vacuum cleaner with a beater bar or rotating brush according to directions. Adjust the attachment to the proper height for your carpet. For loop pile carpet, avoid attachments with teeth or ridges.

Capture that Stain
Remove stains with Capture, a water-based cleaning solution that safely cleans your carpet without damaging the fibers or stain-resistant finish and will not void carpet warranties. Designed to absorb oily and water based soils that your vacuum cannot, it can enhance the results of vacuuming. Safe around kids and pets, Capture cleans carpets without steam or shampoo and reduces allergens.

Shampooing
Sometimes you need to do a little heavy duty cleaning to get your carpet looking like new again. Many different carpet cleaners are available, but because there is a chance that these can damage your carpet and invalidate your warranties, please call us to check which cleaning method is best for your particular fiber and carpet.

The best method, however, is to hire a professional carpet cleaner to give your carpets a thorough cleaning. Don’t be afraid to ask your carpet cleaner for a reference or a firm estimate and don’t hesitate to call us for a recommendation.

Give It a Rest!
Redistributing the load your carpet bears can lengthen its life so rearrange your furniture periodically to give some areas a rest.

Warranty and Required Maintenance
Regular carpet care and routine maintenance are essential to maintaining your warranty coverage. Over time, normal foot traffic and soiling will cause a change in any carpet’s appearance. Hot water extraction, either alone or in combination with cleaning, is required to maintain your warranty.* The service must be performed by a trained carpet care professional every one and a half to two years to refresh the texture and rejuvenate the fibers in your carpet. You must retain your receipts for proof of maintenance service, should a warranty claim arise.

*Do not use hot water extraction with natural fibers. It may cause fading or shrinkage of wool or sisal.

Each fiber manufacturer has its own definitions and limitations regarding stain, soil and static resistance. Abnormal matting, crushing or loss of texture retention from normal foot traffic is defined by the standard rating scales and definitions set forth by each fiber manufacturer.

Related Article
Do or Dye: Tips for Removing the Toughest Carpet Stains

Classique Floors Carpeting example photos

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